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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 186 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白玉珠、徐南麗、汪蘋(1999)∙某醫學中心護理人員自評之護理能力及
  2. 呂晶晶(2009).國民小學教育人員情緒勞務量表發展及其影響因素之
  3. 李皎正(1992)∙護理臨床教學特質之因素分析∙護理雜誌,39(2),
  4. 101-113。
  5. 之輔導員輔導新進人員的經驗敘說.嘉基護理,9(2),7-17。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁智凱(2006)。耳穴貼壓合併阿托品眼藥水控制學童近視 之隨機臨床試驗。中國醫藥大學中西醫結合研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-76。 
  2. 曾惠翎(Hui-Ling Tseng);李皎正(Jane Lee-Hsieh)(2015)。建構護理臨床教師教學專業能力指標。護理雜誌。62(2)。57-65。 
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