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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 吳淑貞,(2002),產業網絡、群聚現象與企業競爭力關係之研究-以兩岸製鞋業為例,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士學位論文。
  2. 6. 吳濟華、何柏正、黃元璋,(2008),台灣地區營造業營運績效與經營策略,「建築學報」第64期,25-48頁。
  3. 10. 邱永和、胡鈞立、曹嘉麟,(2003),台灣生物科技廠商之成本效率分析,農業與經濟(Agriculture and Economics),31,55-78。
  4. 11. 邱英浩、林元興(2007),中國大陸土地利用效率與農地維護,土地利用問題季刊第9期。
  5. 15. 陳俊賢(2006),產業群聚現象之研究-以製藥產業為例,國立成功大學都市計劃學系碩士班論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王登基(2006)。大專男子排球比賽接發球進攻戰術分析-以九十三學年度甲組前四強為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-88。
  2. 劉麗芳(2006)。排球扣球空中手臂動作揮擺時機與扣球表現分析研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-86。
  3. 陳慧容(2013)。核心肌群間歇反覆訓練對排球扣殺擊球球速之影響。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-41。
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