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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Andersen, R. M. (1995). Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: Does it matter? Journal of Health and Behavior, 36(1), 1-10.
  2. Andersen, R. M., Rice, T. H., Kominski, G. F. (2001). Changing the U.S. health care system-key issues in health services policy and management (2nd ed.). NEW YORK: Jossey-Bass.
  3. Dahlia, K. R., & Jessica, G. (2009). Cost-sharing: A blunt instrument. Annu Rev Public Health, 30, 293-311.
  4. Hotchkiss, D. R. (1998 Jan). The tradeoff between price and quality of services in Philippines. Soc Sci Med., 46(2), 227-242.
  5. Kermani, M. S., Ghaderi, H., & Yousefi, A. (2008 Jul). Demand for medical care in the urban areas of Iran: An empirical investigation. Health Econ, 17(7), 849-62.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余慶華(2013)。從政策執行觀點分析全民健康保險轉診制度-以某醫學中心耳鼻喉科為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-183。 
  2. 江勁政(Ching-Cheng Chiang);鴻宗穎(Tsung-Ying Hung);鄭景隆(Ching-Lung Cheng);湯文慈(Wen-Tzu Tang)(2012)。女子網球選手雙手反拍擊球動作上肢肌肉活化之研究。體育學報。45(2)。103-112。 
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