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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.方世榮、張文賢、林正智(2008),中小企業跨層次社會網絡與績效之關係,中山管理評論,16(2),83-118
  2. 9.林東清、劉勇志、劉怡君(2007),〈以社會資本理論探討組織掌握創業契機能力的影響因素〉,《資訊管理學報》,14(3):197-228。
  3. 12.莊希豐(1999),國內外人力資本與經濟成長–臺灣實證分析。淡江人文社會學刊,4,65-89。
  4. 16.陳家聲、戴士嫻(2007),創業家社會網絡行為之質性研究,創業管理研究,2 卷4 期:1-24。
  5. 18.黃仁德、趙振瑛(1997),人力資本對台灣經濟成長貢獻的評估。勞資關係論叢,6,119-140。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李旻晃(2012)。影響新生創業家創業決策 關鍵因素之實證研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2012。1-95。 
  2. 唐慧靜(2011)。服務業女性創業精神之研究-人力資本、社會資本及機會辨識觀點。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-81。 
  3. 林泰山(2011)。文化創意產業創業家關鍵特質之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2011。1-72。 
  4. 邱惠珠(2010)。運用PSED探討女性新生創業家創業成功影響因素之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2010。1-88。 
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