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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 255 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美陽(2006)•外國宣教師在純德女中(1948-1956)的關懷典範之研究•
  2. 宋雪芳、許世瑩(2003) •搶救過去的記憶:口述歷史應用在圖書館之探析•教育資料與圖書館學,40(4) ,497-511。
  3. 方志華(2004)•關懷倫理學的道德教育方法•台北:洪葉文化。
  4. 李皎正、方月燕(2000)•關懷照護一護理教育的核心•護理雜誌,
  5. 李選、盧瑛琪、顏文娟、林淑琴(2004).由邁入全球化,談台灣護理教育之衝擊與未來發展.護理雜誌,51(4),27-32。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭瑞卿(2015)。台灣護理福音事工發展之探討─以「台灣護理人員福音協會」(1982-2007)為例。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2015。1-192。 
  2. 錢美容(2013)。護理生命歷程經驗之敘說研究-以台灣教會醫院附設護校畢業護理人員為例。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-135。 
  3. 曾靖容(Ching-Jung Tseng);馮冠華(Kuan-Hua Feng);林紹雯(Shao-Wen Lin)(2018)。運用整合性照護模式協助衰弱症長者成功返家的護理經驗。榮總護理。35(1)。79-87。 
  4. 蕭雅宏(2014)。戰後臺灣護理教育與專業發展(1945-1991)。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2014。1-172。
  5. 何欣恩(2017)。中老年身體質量指數軌跡與八年後衰弱危險性之探討。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2017。1-42。
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