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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aiken, L. H., Clarke, S. P., & Sloane, D. M. (2002). Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and jog dissatisfaction. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 1987-1993.
  2. Anthony, W. P., Perrewe, P. L., & Kacmar, K. M.(1993). Strategic Human Resource Managemen. NewYork: The Dryden Press.
  3. Anthony, W. P., Perrewe, P. L., & Kacmar, K. M. (1996). Strategic Human Resource Management. Dryden Press: Tallahassee.
  4. Barry-Walker, J. (2000). The impact of systems redesign on staff, patient, and financial outcomes. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 30(2), 77-89.
  5. the stressors of ICU nursing, The Journal of Nursing Education, 19(6), 15-25.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 童沺菀(2015)。輪椅樂齡族的舞蹈課程 - 關渡天下知老人養護中心的個案研究。臺北藝術大學舞蹈研究所理論組學位論文。2015。1-235。 
  2. 潘美香(2010)。通學方式及坐式生活型態對國小學童健康體適能之影響。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2010。1-77。 
  3. 張蕙雯(2009)。運用劑量反應關係解釋身體活動量與健康議題--以台灣地區糖尿病友團體為例。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2009。1-118。 
  4. 賴瑩潔(2014)。配方食品改善不同肥胖體型的體脂肪指標之效應。中原大學生物科技研究所學位論文。2014。1-161。
  5. 仲偉靜(2016)。人力留任策略對教學醫院護理人員工作滿意度的影響。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
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