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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會(2013)‧台灣臨床成效指標系統 綜合照護指標手冊‧台北:財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會。
  2. 廖熏香(2003)‧醫療品質指標理論與方法‧品質指標實務研究,於財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療策進會‧31-35 ‧台北:合記。
  3. 劉麗珒(2006)‧住院手術病人非計畫性重返手術醫療品質及醫療資源耗用之探討以南部某醫學中心為例‧未發表的碩士論文,高雄:醫學大學醫務管理學研究所。
  4. 劉麗珒、沈延盛(2011)‧南部某醫學中心住院病人非計畫性重返手術室相關因素初探‧醫療品質, 4(2), 29-38.
  5. 鍾國彪、游宗憲(2012)‧臺灣醫療品質指標發展現況與挑戰‧醫療品質雜誌,6(5),8-14.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 粘憲文(2010)。理解式球類教學法應用於國小籃球教學成效之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-157。 
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