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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王正誼(2009)‧以價值流圖與多準則決策方法進行需求不確定下之精實拉式系統設計‧國立成功大學製造工程系博士論文。
  2. 任恒毅、廖秀姬(2008)‧精實生產價值溪流程改善方法之實證研究--以某汽車空調製造商為例‧品質學報,15(5), 323-336。
  3. 朱宗緯(2010)‧淺談精實服務之應用‧品質月刊,46(6), 55-57。
  4. 吳振龍、紀櫻珍、郭芳礎、趙淑貞、許朝程(2005)‧臨床檢驗自動化驗作業系統之建置與效益‧北市醫學雜誌,2(11),982-989。
  5. 張清波(2008)‧TPS、精實生產、精實六標準差‧品質月刊,44(3),16-22。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳政志(2016)。醫院評鑑對醫院產生預期與非預期效果之初探。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-116。 
  2. 陳懷恩(Huai-En Chen);李炳昭(Ping-Chao Lee);林建宇(Chien-Yu Lin)(2013)。臺灣頂尖運動選手的國家認同。體育學報。46(3)。273-289。 
  3. 郭文居(2014)。臺灣以「中華台北」模式 參與國際運動競賽之研究 -以2013年世界棒球經典賽為例。中正大學戰略暨國際事務研究所學位論文。2014。1-100。
  4. 李林欽(2015)。應用價值流分析達到精實生產之研究----以K公司為例。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-39。
  5. 吳可鈞(2015)。國家運動代表隊的法律問題研究:以台灣之相關議題為中心。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-94。
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