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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林忠憲(2010)。「《中國對台灣的經濟脅迫:難以操作的武器》之
  2. 曾婉琳(2012)。「萊斯文本類型之實務應用-以《The Ten-Day MBA 3rd Edition》中譯為例」。未出版之碩士論文,私立長榮大學翻譯學系,台南市。
  3. Barr, D. A. (2007). Introduction to U.S. health policy: The Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Care in America. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  4. Newmark, Peter (1982). Approaches to Translation. New York: Prentice Hall.
  5. Nida, Eugene Albert (2003). Toward a science of translating: with special reference to principles and procedures involved in Bible translating. Leiden Boston: Brill.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昌明(2009)。原住民地區國民小學校長轉型領導行為與校務經營策略之研究:以高雄縣與屏東縣為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-169。 
  2. 周長庚(2009)。團隊中的知識分享:關鍵因素、歷程及結果之探討。元智大學領導研究所學位論文。2009。1-105。 
  3. 蘇育瑤(2013)。父親教練栽培兒子選手之訓練歷程研究-以柯志明與柯秉逸父子為例。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  4. 吳佩伊(Pei-Yi Wu);林靜萍(Ching-Ping Lin)(2013)。運動教練倫理準則探析。中華體育季刊。27(1)。23-29。 
  5. 黃國禎(2006)。台灣地區網球爸爸教練文化之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-110。
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