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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林樹旺(2005)。登山自行車參與者活動參與涉入程度與流暢體驗之相關研究。生物與休閒事業研究,5(2),173-194。
  2. 林怡君(2007)。遊客涉入程度、服務品質與行為意圖之相關研究—以東豐自行車綠廊、后豐鐵馬道為例。未出版碩士論文,國立雲林科技大學,雲林縣。
  3. 周詩穎(2006)。兩岸行銷通路型態與結構影響因素之研究:以自行車產業為例。未出版碩士論文,私立中原大學,桃園縣。
  4. 周政德(2002)。國際產品生命週期之探索性研究。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學,臺南市。
  5. 胡祖武、李傳房(2006)。以主觀騎乘舒適性感受探討較舒適自行車座點位置之研究。設計學報,11(3期),1-11。
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