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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.吳萬益(民85)。集團企業組織文化、決策模式與經營策略之研究-中美日德韓墨主要集團企業運作模式之實證分析。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫。
  2. 10.吳榮義(民87)。技術移轉與臺灣中小企業之發展-以螺絲螺帽為例。臺灣區螺絲工業同業公會。6月25日出刊。螺絲雜誌第136期,頁7-11。
  3. 14.來新陽(民102)。ISO Annex SL新發展對管理系統標準的影響(上)。品質月刊,民國102年11月49卷11期,頁37-42。
  4. 15.來新陽(民102)。ISO Annex SL新發展對管理系統標準的影響(下)。品質月刊,民國102年12月49卷12期,頁23-25。
  5. 16.來新陽(民103)。新品質管理原則之認識與闡述。品質月刊,民國103年1月50卷1期,頁10-12。
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