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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 宋藝君、林秋菊(2009).血液透析病患自我管理量表之建構與測試.護理暨健康照護研究, 5(1),51-59。
    2. 李佳諭、葉莉莉、陳炯睿、林佩宜、薛尊仁、王文玲(2008).慢性阻塞肺疾患者自我管理行為之探討.護理雜誌,55(5),45-55。
    3. 姚開屏(2002).台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用.台灣醫學,6(3),193-200。
    4. 柯豐誠、李碧娥、施惠慈(2007).長期洗腎病患的主觀生活品質—質性研究觀點.護理雜誌,54(1),53-61。
    5. 胡潔瑩、邱啟潤、陳鴻鈞、林秋菊(1995). 團體衛教合併行為修正對血液透析病患體重控制知識、體重及血壓之成效.實證護理,1(4),302-311。
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡叡予(2013)。國立中興大學一百零一學年度女子籃球校隊的團隊凝聚力探討。中興大學運動與健康管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。 
    2. 許志瑋(2010)。發展以知識本體為基礎模擬專案團隊之組成。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-66。 
    3. 游婷亦(2009)。以知識模型為基礎發展適性化之專案人員組合。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-59。 
    4. 王妙如(2010)。國小舞龍隊選手知覺教練領導、社會支持與滿意度之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-117。 
    5. 王琮閔(2009)。臺灣高中柔道選手知覺教練效能對團隊滿意度影響之研究。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-134。 
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