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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.邱佩晴(2015),應用FAHP及TOPSIS於多準則ABC存貨分類。新竹市,國立清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  2. 6.沈明室(2010),國軍部隊在鄉鎮市級災害防救體系功能之探討。國防雜誌,第24卷第6期。
  3. 7.油朝鵬(2010),縣市政府災害救援體系與國軍功能及角色的探討。國防雜誌,第24卷第6期。
  4. 24.張中勇(2010),災害防救與我國國土安全管理機制之策進。國防雜誌,第24卷第6期。
  5. 25.張世澤、張世強(2011),複合式災害應變與國土安全: 從美國國土安全部災害應變機制與經驗談起。北臺灣科技學院通識學報,第7期,頁203-217。
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