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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 291 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 13. 張華葆(1992)。社會心理學理論。台北:三民書局。
    2. 23. 簡建忠(2006)。人力資源管理-以合作觀點創造價值。台北:前程
    3. 8. 吳婉芯(2008)。臺北市國中資源班教師工作投入、自我效能及工作壓
    4. 力之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修所碩士論
    5. 關係。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所未出版碩士論文。
    Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
    1. 徐立倫(2014)。情感性專業承諾、情緒勞務、情緒耗竭與顧客導向關係之研究。長榮大學企業管理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-94。 
    2. 關宏宜(1999)。中年男性心肺適能與健康相關的生活品質之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。1999。1-87。
    3. 林錦昌(2002)。不同離心收縮比例阻力訓練對上臂肌群效果之探討。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2002。1-48。
    4. 郭明洲(2002)。有無規律登山老年人體適能與睡眠品質之比較研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2002。1-74。
    5. 楊淑雲(2005)。國小學童課間身體活動強度與體適能表現暨學業成績關係之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-77。
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