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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(2000)。中華民國89年老人狀況調查報告,臺北市。
  2. 內政部統計處(2002)。中華民國91年老人狀況調查報告,臺北市。
  3. 內政部統計處(2005)。中華民國94年老人狀況調查報告,臺北市。
  4. 王怡方(2006)。台灣老人住宅的過去現在與未來發展。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學新聞研究所,台北市。
  5. 孫素真(2007)。銀髮族進住養生社區意願及其相關因素之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學公共衛生學院醫療機構管理研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玉偵(2011)。社會變遷下高齡者樂活住宅模式之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2011。1-187。
  2. 張淑慧(2012)。高齡者進住長期照護機構意願暨生活滿意度之探討。中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所學位論文。2012。1-81。
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