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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 李靜玟, 吳肖琪. 市場競爭及其他因素對精神科急性住院病患醫療利用之影響. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌. 2005;24(4):296-305.
  2. 4. 蔡文正, 龔佩珍, 楊志良, 江怡如. CT及MRI醫療利用與影響費用因素. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌. 2005;24(6):529-538.
  3. 5. 文羽苹, 黃旭明, 江東亮. 台灣醫療保健支出成長率的分析:醫療通膨,質量與公平性. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌. 2012;31(1):1-10.
  4. 6. 行政院衛生署. 民眾就醫指引手冊. 臺北: 行政院衛生署; 2006.
  5. 7. Martin SG, Shwartz M, Whalen BJ, et al. Impact of a mandatory second-opinion program on medicaid surgery rates. Medical Care. 1982;20(1):21-45.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張素雅(2004)。導入多人互動科技於國小樂趣化體適能活動設計之研究。元智大學資訊傳播學系學位論文。2004。1-128。
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