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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂志峰 (2008),「中學生月相盈虧相關迷思概念類型與概念改變過程之探討」,國立臺灣師範大學地球科學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 沈彥甫 (2011),「國小師生全球暖化迷思概念與成因之探討」,國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所。
  3. 邱美虹 (2000),「概念改變研究的省思與啟示」,科學教育學刊,8(1),頁1-34。
  4. 張凱惠 (2006),「臺北市國小教師全球暖化相關概念之調查」,臺北市立教育大學。
  5. 黃靖惠、洪志誠、許瑛玿 (2012),「九年一貫教科書「全球暖化概念」內容分析」,教科書研究,頁55-57。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李鴻宗(2016)。遊戲式學習結合體感操作之認知負荷評估-以全球暖化的科學迷思為例。長榮大學資訊管理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-60。
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