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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳國維(2006) 以超微弱冷光為主軸的探針技術評估六種不同中
  2. Acosta PB, Gross KC.(1995). Hidden sources of galactose in the environment. Eur J Pediatr.154: S87-92.
  3. Barry halliwell., john M.C.Gutteridge .(1998).Free radicals in biology and medicin. Third Edition.
  4. Benjamin Sima , Baran Nava ,Manor Haim.(2000) .Interference Footprinting Analysis of Telomerase Elongation Complexes. Mol cell biol: 4224–4237
  5. Berry GT, Nissim I, Lin Z, Mazur AT, Gibson JB, Segal S.(1995). Endogenous synthesis of galactose in normal men and patients with hereditary galactosaemia. Lancet. 346: 1073-1074.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余際星(2013)。單元不飽和脂肪酸對調節性T細胞表現的影響。長榮大學醫學研究所學位論文。2013。1-66。 
  2. 周怡妤(2013)。團體親子音樂育療課程對唐氏症幼兒發展及親子關係歷程之個案研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-245。
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