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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王菁莞、林佑樺、李來涼、簡婉儀、陸椿梅(2014)‧探討多媒體護理指導對婦科開腹手術病人術前焦慮之成效‧護理暨健康照護研究,10(3),169-177。
  2. 王姵雅、林佳蓉、謝伶瑜、林姿佳(2014)‧運用術前準備照護計畫降低兒童與父母之焦慮‧臺灣醫學,18(3),361-366。
  3. 伍雁鈴(1994)‧學前兒童住院後的行為改變與母親焦慮程度之相關性探討(已發表的碩士論文)‧台北市:國防醫學院護理研究所。
  4. 伍雁鈴、毛新春(1998)‧學前兒童住院後的行為改變與母親焦慮程度之相關性探討‧護理研究,6(3),231-245。
  5. 向雅玲、彭台珠、楊福麟、蘇泉發、李茹萍(2011)‧衛教介入對頭部外傷病人主要照顧者焦慮與疾病知識之影響‧新臺北護理期刊,13(1),33-42。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳鴻昇(2012)。應用類神經網路於休閒阻礙族群推論之研究-以博物館參觀阻礙為例。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-57。 
  2. 林誠得(2007)。南投地區國中、高中教師休閒活動涉入及效益之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-105。
  3. 賴奇旻(2008)。台中市銀髮族休閒偏好與阻礙。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-113。
  4. 陳佑民(2010)。不同家庭生命週期國內旅遊支出影響因素之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-75。
  5. 陳曉祥(2013)。民眾休閒參與暨滿意度之研究。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2013。1-51。
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