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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.許家偉、胡憲倫(2004),應用分析層級程序法於環境化設計之策略研究, 科技管理學刊,第9卷第3期,頁89-115。
  2. 14.楊東震、蔡文甲(2004),台灣購物中心競爭力指標之建立與分析中華管理學報,第5卷第1期,頁77-90。
  3. 23.曹明誠(2003),便利商店之消費者類型與消費行為之研究,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 24.蕭莉婷(2000),雲林地區中地市場區域的結構,國立台灣大學地理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 2.Dale Miller&Bill Merrilees (2000), “’Gone to Gowings‘-An Analysis of Success Factors in Retail Longevity : Gowings of Sydney”, The Service Industries Journal, Vol.20,No.1, pp.61-85.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉誌螢(2014)。房屋仲介公司區位選擇之研究---以高雄市為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-114。 
  2. 蔡政穎(2014)。高齡基層醫療整合服務擇點之研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-106。 
  3. 侯佩芸(2010)。老人日間照顧中心位置選擇因素之研究-以台南市為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-117。
  4. 謝德順(2015)。連鎖店的展店策略與整合行銷研究-以某連鎖餐廳為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系高階產業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-59。
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