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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.李禹璇、翁瑞萱、徐雅媛、王子娟(2013)。勞工工作環境與自覺肌肉骨骼不適之相關研究,勞工安全衛生研究季刊,21(4),432~441。
  2. 2.李相台(2003),靜脈曲張傾向知多少。健康世界(2009),48-49。
  3. 4.徐儆暉、王子娟、梁蕙雯、彭淑美、吳承恩(2006)。工作健康危害研究及職場健康操效果評估-站姿作業,台北:行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所。
  4. 6.徐儆暉。站姿作業下肢危害,勞工安全衛生簡訊,77,14~15。
  5. 7.吳水丕、白宜晉(2010)。精密作業人員之肌肉骨骼傷害風險評估及人因介入效應,工業安全衛生月刊,(254期),52~65。
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