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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Andersen, R.M., Rice, T.H., Kominski, G.F. (2001). Changing the U.S. Health Care System- Key Issues in Health Services Policy and Management, 2nd. New York: Jossey-Bass. ISBN: 0-7879-5404-7.
  2. Busato, A., Below, G. V. (2010). The Implementation of DRG-Based Hospital Reimbursement in Switzerland: A Population-Based Perspective.Health Research Policy and Systems Biomed Central, 8(1), 31.
  3. Donabedian, A. (1980). Explorations in Quality Assessment and Monitoring. Volume 1. The Definition of Quality and Approaches to its Assessment, Michigan, Health Administration Press.Fetter, R. B., Brand, D. A., Grmache, D. (1991). DRGs:Their Design and Development. Michigan: Ann Arbor.
  4. Fitzergald, J.F., Fagan,L.F., Tierney, W.M. (1987). Changing Patterns of Hip Fracture Care Before and After Implementation of the Prospective Payment System, Journal American Medical Association , 258, 218-221.
  5. Idvall, E., Rooke, L., Hamrin, E. (1997). Quality Indicators in Clinical Nursing: A Review of The Literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25, 6–17.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁竣傑(2015)。台灣診斷關聯群實施、市場競爭程度與醫療資源耗用及照護品質之相關性探討-以心導管、經皮心臟血管手術、冠狀動脈繞道手術為例。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-103。 
  2. 何守正(2007)。SBL超級籃球聯賽球員生涯規劃之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-196。
  3. 蔡承諼(2016)。論全民健康保險診斷關聯群(T-DRGs)之實施對商業醫療費用保險給付之影響。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-92。
  4. 陳偉哲(2016)。Tw-DRGs支付制度對於醫療資源耗用之影響探討- 以南部某區域教學醫院 DRG 23402為例。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2016。1-80。
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