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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文玉(2008)。社區志工持續參與健康服務志工之經驗探討。亞洲大學長期照護研究所碩士論文。未出版論文。臺中。
  2. 呂朝賢、鄭清霞(2005)。中老年人參與志願服務的影響因素分析。台大社工學刊,12,6-7。
  3. 林麗惠(2006)。高齡者參與志願服務與成功老化之研究。生死學研究,4,1-36。
  4. 林秀峰(2010)。高齡志工參與志願服務動機及管理機制之初探—以北區醫學中心志工隊為例。國立政治大學經營管理碩士論文。未出版論文。臺北。
  5. 財團法人華山社會福利慈善事業基金會官方網站
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴怡伶(2015)。高齡志工榮譽退休制度可行性評估~ 以戴德森醫療財團法人嘉義基督教醫院為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2015。1-215。
  2. 劉霈穎(2015)。苗栗縣高齡居家服務員服務經驗之探討。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-148。
  3. 張靜如(2016)。高齡女性志工服務之轉化學習研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-126。
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