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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會。104年醫院評鑑基準「三班護病比合理」條文。2015年6月10日取自file:///C:/Users/Claire%20Chao/Downloads/103%E6%9C%9F%E8%AD%B7%E8%A8%8A.pdf
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會。資料查詢:護理人員統計。2015年7月15日取自
  3. 于乃玲、胡瑞桃、周碧琴、賴瑞月(1999)。某區域醫院護理人員工作滿意度與留任意願相關性之探討。長庚護理,10(3),28-38。
  4. 王玉梅(1990)。某地區教學醫院護理人員潛在流失因素之探討。慈濟醫學雜誌,2(4),302-310。
  5. 王郁智、章淑娟、朱正一(2006)。升遷機會、社會支持、工作滿意度與留任意願之相關性研究。志為護理-慈濟護理雜誌,5(4), 90-101。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芸平(2016)。天氣、路線及性別對駕駛主客觀心智負荷之影響。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2016。1-114。 
  2. 羅祥宜(2017)。虛擬實境之森林與都市環境對生心理影響之研究。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-154。 
  3. 胡乃云(2012)。芳香療法與音樂療法對焦慮和心率變異度的效果。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-121。 
  4. 高鈺彥(2009)。健走與太極拳運動對中老年婦女功能性體適能及心率變異性影響之比較研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2009。1-59。
  5. 黃羿蓁(2010)。不同振幅與頻率振動運動對生理反應之影響。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2010。1-47。
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