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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柚鈞(2011)。台南市高齡友善社區空間規劃與開發辦法之研究 -以大廈式集合住宅為例。國立成功大學都市計畫研究所碩士論文
  2. 王大明、蔣宛修(2011)。台灣不同生活型態銀髮族選擇國外旅遊產品之研究。觀光旅遊研究學刊,6(2),55-71
  3. 石泱(2009)。不同居住型態老人社會支持與生活適應影響因素之研究。東吳社會工作學報,21,27-54。
  4. 孔方正、張倩華、陳柔吟、陳宜群(2010)。環保旅館消費者市場區隔及願付價格之研究。運動健康與休閒學刊,(16),59-70
  5. 吳文傑、連賢明、林祖嘉(2004)。居住住宅所有權屬與住宅品質對於老年人健康狀態的影響。都市與計畫,31(4)
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