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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 劉良壁,《重修福建台灣府志》。台北:台灣銀行經濟研究室,1961。
    2. 余舜德、周耿生,<台灣夜市市場系統的發展:以台北都會區及台南縣為例>,《民族學研究所資料彙編》18期,2004,頁1-42。
    3. 李肇龍,<運用同儕式行動隨建即連網路建構鄰近社交行動應用於夜市之中>。台北:大同大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文,2009。
    4. 陳致中,<1945年以前半路竹聚落空間之構成>。台北:國立台北藝術大學建築與古蹟保存研究所碩士論文,2008。
    5. 陳璋玲、陳宏斌、徐一菁,<消費者對鄉村型夜市的消費動機與屬性認知之研究—以雲林縣為例>,《運動休閒餐旅研究》4卷1期,2009,頁43-62。
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