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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.池祥萱、繆文娟與莊瀅臻(2014)。企業社會責任對於公司財務績效之影響是雙面刃嗎?來自全球500大公司的證據。管理學報,31(1),1-19。
  2. 10.林文玲與傅鍾仁(2011)。企業社會責任之揭露對會計資訊價值攸關性:以台灣資訊電子業上市公司為例。商管科技季刊,12(2),209-229。
  3. 11.洪雪卿、陳薇如與傅雁鈴(2013)。影響企業社會責任績效之重要因素為何。商管科技季刊,14(4),405-441。
  4. 13.高端訓(2013)。企業社會責任對消費者購買意願影響之研究:品牌依附及品牌形象之中介效果。國立臺北大學企業管理學系博士論文。
  5. 14.康峰菁(2010)。企業社會責任的整體認知與實際作為之研究:以台灣服務業為例。企業管理學報,(86),75-114。
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