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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方世榮、黃瓊瑤、石渼華(2007)•探討信任之前置因素與結果-以醫藥產業為實證•交大管理學報,27(1),1-32。
  2. 吳家榛(2007)•時間、工作及家庭因素與護理人員對護理長可信特質之感受及信任行為之相關研究-以南部某醫學中心為例•未發表的碩士論文,台南:長榮大學護理學研究所。
  3. 吳家榛、張瑩如、陳彩鳳(2010)•護理人員對護理長可信特質之感受與自覺信任行為之探討•護理暨健康照護研究,6(4),243-252。
  4. 李欣怡(2005)•護理之家基層照護員工不同聘用模式工作績效與組織承諾之研究•未發表的碩士論文,台中:亞洲大學長期照護研究所。
  5. 李靜枝(2008)•護理人員對其護理長可信特質的感受與其工作投入之相關性研究•未發表的碩士論文,台南:長榮大學護理學研究所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王孔雀(2008)。台灣小學體操運動發展之研究(1945~2000)。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2008。1-128。 
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