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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林雅惠(2006)。台灣企業社會責任發展之現況研究。國立台北科技大學環境規劃管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 周聰佑、陳彥廷、吳佳玲(2012)。企業履行社會責任對員工組織公民行為之影響。商管科技季刊,第13卷第2期,頁165-190。
  3. 郭家成(2010)。台灣金融服務業之企業社會責任策略研究。國立台北科技大學環境規劃管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 陳冠志(2011)。我國企業社會責任揭露概況與影響因素之探討。國立臺北大學會計學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 劉庭豪(2013)。巨龍崛起的威脅?評美國媒體在2008年金融海嘯後的中國形象。國立台灣大學社會科學院政治學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張珉嫻(2010)。2008年北京奧運中華台北選手禁藥認知調查。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-98。
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