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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2016).104年醫療機構人力現況調查統計.取自 View.aspx?recordID=57&timeStamp=1465964469636
  2. 王穎駿、周萍芬、黃心品(2014).台灣高速鐵路站務員情緒智力與工作壓力之研究.危機管理學刊,11(2),47-68。
  3. 王靜琳、黃瓊玉、呂桂雲、何美瑤(2007).護理人員工作壓力與社會支持之探討.榮總護理,24(1),59-68。doi:10.6142/vghn.24.1.59
  4. 任維廉、涂榮庭、吳毓娟、曾琬翎(2010).市區公車駕駛員情緒智力對工作壓力模式之調節效果.運輸學刊,22(4),415-446。
  5. 朱正一(2013).探討醫學中心護理人員情緒勞務對工作滿意度與工作倦怠之影響.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,32(3),266-278。doi:10.6288/TJPH2013-32-03-08
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