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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 內政部社會司(2004),93年度臺閩地區老人福利機構評鑑報告。
  2. 一、國內文獻
  3. 1. 丁育群(1987),火災對人體危害與避難行為之探討,高層建築防火設施規劃計畫之研究,中國文化大學實業計畫研究所工程組博士論文,臺北。
  4. 2. 內政部(1992),內政部建築研究所研究計畫,建築防火名詞定義與解說。
  5. 4. 內政部建研所(1993),老人安養機構建築規劃設計準則研究報告。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇紹輝(2011)。退輔會安養機構火災安全管理評估之研究。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2011。1-110。 
  2. 江柏蔚(2015)。老人社會福利機構防火管理認知之研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-72。 
  3. 黃信翰(2013)。老人福利機構避難逃生設備及技術之有效性評估。長榮大學職業安全與衛生學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-86。 
  4. 劉芸蓁(2012)。老人機構防火煙控避難性能改善技術研究。長榮大學職業安全與衛生學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-95。 
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