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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 陳彥廷,(2008),“學習動機、學習策略、考試焦慮對數學科學業成績的影響-以台南市立後甲國中為例”,國立成功大學統計學研究所碩士論文
  2. 12. 楊仁興,(2001)“國民小學教師科技及資訊素養基本能力之研究”,花蓮師範學院學報,12,75-105。
  3. 17. 張雅玲,(2001),“國民小學職前教師資訊素養之研究”,淡江大學教育科技學系碩士論文。
  4. 18. 張雅玲與徐欣逸,(2000),“e 世代國小職前教師資訊素養之研究”,教育資料與圖書館學,38(2),頁203-228。
  5. 23. 楊仁興,(2001),“國民小學教師科技及資訊素養基本能力之研究”,花蓮師院學報,12,75-105。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李秋璇(2010)。應用網路教學於護理系學生暴力處置課程知識成效之探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-85。
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