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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 互動國際數位股份有限公司(2011)。ArcGIS 10基礎學習與應用寶典。新北市:新文京開發。
  2. 方思怡、張學聖(2014)。高風險災害潛勢土地分類之研究-以曾文水庫集水區為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學都市計畫研究所,臺南。
  3. 田川昇(2002)。利用基因演算法與類神經網路建置臺灣西南海域深部地層滲透率模式之研究。國立成功大學資源工程研究所碩士論文,臺南。
  4. 何宇麗(2014)。降雨誘發山崩潛勢與崩塌分佈之研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所碩士論文,臺南。
  5. 李欣輯、劉格非(2010)。土石流間接災損評估研究-以臺中縣松鶴一溪為例。中國土木水利工程學刊,22(2),159-166。
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