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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林佑融、賴來福(2012)。整合Kano模式與IPA分析應用於工具機產業服務品質之實證研究-以YCM公司為例。國立虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文,雲林。
  2. 15. 邱泯科、傅秀秀(2014)。初探高齡者使用社區照顧關懷據點服務之經驗—以台北市關渡關懷據點為例。台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊,4(1),頁1-40。
  3. 19. 郭漢森(2011)。運用IPA方法探討異國主題餐廳服務品質重視度之研究-以台中美術館綠園道與一中商圈為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系碩士班碩士論文,台中。
  4. 21. 陳政雄(2006)。老人住宅整體規劃理念。台灣老年醫學雜誌1(3),頁122-139。
  5. 25. 曾中明(2006)。台灣老人福利概況及政策展望。台灣老年醫學雜誌,1(3),頁112-121。
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