Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Benoliel J, McCorkle R, Georgiadou F, Denton T, and Spitger A. Measurement of stressing clinical nursing. Cancer Nursing. 13: 221-228, 1990.
  2. Chen P. Y., & Spector, P. E. Negative affectivity as the underlying cause of correlations between sressors and strains. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, pp398-407.1991
  3. Cherniss, C. Staff burnout :Job stress in the human services.Beverly Hills:Sage Publocations, 1980
  4. De Frank, R.S., and Ivancevich, J.M. Stress on the job: An executive update the academy of Management Executive 12, 3: 55~66 1998
  5. Dignam, J. T., & West, S. G.. Social support in the workplace: tests of six theoretical models. American Journal of Community Psychology, 16, 701-724,1998
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方淑怡(2015)。工作者的工作-生活衝突、社會支持、疲勞與幸福感之關係探討:以中部地區為例。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2015。1-101。 
  2. 陳玉鶴(2011)。藥事人員工作壓力、職場疲勞與離職傾向相關性研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-100。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :