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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林宥澄 (2008) ,灰關聯係數於醫學影響品質評估之應用,中臺科技大學放射科學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 13. 張意珮 (2002) ,線上遊戲使用者轉換因素之研究,元智大學資訊管理系碩士論文。
  3. 14. 張德儀、黃旭男 (2006) ,台灣地區國際觀光旅館績效評估之研究-灰色關聯分析與資料包絡分析法應用之比較,觀光研究學報,第12卷第一期第67-90頁。
  4. 15. 郭志遠 (2009) ,桃園縣市農會經營績效評估模式建立之研究-局部灰關聯分析法之應用,國立屏東科技大學農企業管理學系碩士論文。
  5. 26. 鄭家豪 (2007) ,灰關聯雙移動平均線之應用研究-以股票市場及金屬期貨為例,國立成功大學資源工程學系碩博士班碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏沄釩(Yun-Fan Wei);陳伯儀(Bo-I Chen)(2013)。國民運動中心家庭卡行銷策略初探。中華體育季刊。27(2)。113-117。 
  2. 王子文(2008)。高爾夫球動作應用指導分析系統之需求分析。臺北大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-105。
  3. 李程豐(2013)。以社會網絡為中介變項探討員工授權賦能、組織承諾及團體效能之關聯性-以某連鎖運動健身俱樂部為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-157。
  4. 張博勛(2017)。探討線上遊戲使用者消費行為分析—以英雄聯盟為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-72。
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