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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7、行政院公共工程委員會(2001)。民間參與公共建設可行性評估及先期規劃作業手冊。鼎漢國際工程顧問股份有限公司。
  2. 4、王明德、邱必洙、張倩瑜、楊鶴雄、陳巧靜(2003)。民間參與公共建設國際案例分析,財團法人台灣營建研究院。
  3. 7、丘昌泰(2000)。後現代社會公共管理理論變遷:從「新公共管理」到「新公民管理」。中國行政評論,10卷1期,1-32。
  4. 2、林志文(2006)。「台南市海安路地下街工程」延宕閒置之政經分析。碩士論文,成功大學政治經濟學研究所。
  5. 3、鄧博文(2006)。都市設計遠景與機制的演變∼以台南市海安路的危機或轉機為例。碩士論文,成功大學都市計劃研究所。
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