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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.吳淑淨(2010)。台灣西部傳統零售市場選址之研究—以童裝成衣業為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學地理環境資源學研究所,台北市。
  2. 7.李佩頻(2011)。公有市場用地都市更新方案評估–以台中市建國市場再開發為例。未出版之碩士論文,朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所,台中市。
  3. 9.林峰田(1997)。公共設施檢討空間分析方法。都市與計劃,24(2),171-192。
  4. 12.洪瑞宏(2008)。台南市公有復興市場再開發之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學建築研究所,台南市。
  5. 25.楊淑媚(2002)。以消費者行為探討傳統零售市場發展定位與對策-以台南市為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學建築學系,台南市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佑峰(2006)。經驗.知識.記憶--一位高中籃球教練的敘說探究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2006。1-390。
  2. 林巧婷(2012)。大專排球代表隊選手目標取向與參與動機之關聯性研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。
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