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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳秉鴻(2007)。旗艦廠商投資母國區位選擇之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立政治大學地政研究所,台北市。
  2. 林佩萱(2009)。老人居住安排與生活滿意度關係城鄉差距之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學都市計劃研究所,台南市。
  3. 施瑞華(2010)。台灣獨居老人社會特性之區域差異。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學老年學研究所,台南市。
  4. 陳建良(2005)。親子居住安排在家庭內與跨家戶成員間的權力互動。住宅學報,14(2),51-82。
  5. 陳怡彣(2008)。台灣地區老人居住安排選擇。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學都市計劃研究所,台南市。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宏修(2015)。國中學生希望感、社會支持與自尊關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-231。 
  2. 楊盛翔(2012)。老年症候群與自覺健康之相關因素探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  3. 郭美穗(2009)。公共衛生護理人員身體活動量及其相關因素之研究。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-139。 
  4. 鄭喬月(2007)。鐵騎柔情:臺師大自行車環島活動女性參與者角色衝突之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-175。
  5. 王榆慧(2008)。國中生身體活動型態與健康體適能之相關研究-以台中縣某國中為例。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-157。
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