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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2013,6月).101年國人主要死因統計結果.2014年7月13日取自
  2. 吳英旬(2006).呼吸器居家照護病人家屬照顧者之護理經驗.未出版碩士論文,台中市:中山醫學大學醫學研究所。
  3. 汪昇達、王勝廣、高東煒、方文輝、張耀文、高森永等(2011).高齡患者長期住院醫療利用影響因子之探討.台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌,6(2),86-104。
  4. 邱玉娜(2005).台灣慢性阻塞性肺疾病醫療利用與診療型態分析初探.未出版碩士論文,台中市:亞洲大學健康管理研究所。
  5. 邱啟潤、陳武宗、陳宜品(2005).慢性病病患家庭照顧者支持系統之研究.長期照護雜誌,9(3),245-262。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子鑑(2009)。不同蹲舉動作之膝關節力矩比較。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2009。1-90。
  2. 黃科贏(2009)。大專女性不同蹲舉動作之膝關節力矩分析。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-71。
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