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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李漢雄(民89),人力資源策略管理,台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 林文寶 (民91)。關係品質與行銷績效關聯性之研究,企業管理學報,第55期,P47-82。
  3. 郭明萱(民94)。企業文化、關係連結與信任相互關係之影響,成功大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two step approach. Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 103, pp. 411-423.
  5. Berry, L. L. (1995). Relationship marketing of services growing interest, emerging perspectives. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 23(4), pp. 236-245.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林漢翔(2013)。台南地區大學生撞球專項課程參與動機與滿意度之研究。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-120。 
  2. 黃文彬(2013)。大專學生參與體育課程在體育態度與學習動機之相關研究。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。12(2)。26-39。 
  3. 陳啟誠(2002)。台北市立國中生使用校內運動場地設施滿意度調查研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-0。
  4. 葉明勳(2005)。體育課教學品質、體育課學習滿意度及運動行為意向。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-150。
  5. 邱玉貞(2007)。健體學習領域中健教課程學生學習滿意度之研究:以臺北市國民中學為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-117。
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