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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 交通部觀光局(2005)。2005年觀光年報。台北市:交通部觀光局。
  2. 何郁如、湯秋玲(1989)。墾丁國家公園住宿現況之研究。戶外遊憩研究,2(1),51-26。
  3. 林士彥(2005)。休閒旅遊服務之產品層次探討-以渡假民宿為例。消費者滿意學刊,1(1),145-168。
  4. 姜惠娟(1997)。休閒農業民宿旅客特性與需求之研究。興大園藝年刊,22(2),135-147。
  5. 張火燦、余月美(2008)。服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度關係之研究。明新學報,34(1),127-140。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周世忠(2011)。雲林縣華山地區民宿休閒產業經營策略之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-163。 
  2. 林丁國(2008)。觀念、組織與實踐:日治時期臺灣體育運動之發展(1895-1937)。政治大學史學研究所學位論文。2008。1-438。
  3. 林智煒(2012)。戰後初期臺灣體育運動發展之歷史考察(1945-1949)─以「中國化」為中心。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-292。
  4. 余靜佳(2012)。台灣民宿經營管理人員能力指標建構之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-269。
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