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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何峻瑋(2013)。「應用DEA評估上市公司績效之研究-以食品業」,長榮大學國際企業學系碩士論文。
  2. 林佑俊 (2006)。「國籍民用航空公司績效評估」,國立中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 胡鳳鳴(2010) 。「兩岸民用航空公司經營效率之研究」,國立臺灣師範大學餐旅管理與教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 郭恒志(2005)。「應用二階段資料包絡分析法評估國內航空營運效率之研究」,崑山科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 蔡宗標(2006)。「兩岸三地航空運輸業效率之研究-資料包絡分析法之應用」,大葉大學國際企業管理學系碩士在職專班。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠文(2012)。臺北市高中績優柔道教練訓練行為之個案研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-157。
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