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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁堅宏(101)。以都市行銷之觀點探討都市水岸空間再造之研究-以高雄港域周邊為例。未出版之碩士論文,臺北科技大學建與都市設計研究所,台北。
  2. 洪慈憶(2013)。當地居民對觀光發展的衝擊認知與態度之研究-以台南市安平地區為例。未出版之碩士論文,真理大學休閒遊憩事業學系,台北市。
  3. 郭建池(1999)。阿里山地區原住民對其觀光發展衝擊認知與態度之研究。未出版之碩士論文,中國文化大學觀光事業研究所,台北市。
  4. 梁國常(2002)。遊客對風景遊憩區認知之研究-以陽明山國家公園為例。未出版之博士論文,國立台灣師範大學地理研究所,台北市。
  5. 王俐容(2006)。全球化下的都市文化策略與發展-以高雄市「海洋城市」的建構為例,國家與社會,創,125-166。
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