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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 400 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華電信員工為例,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論
  2. 2、 丁虹 (民76)。企業文化與組織承諾之關係研究,國立政治大學
  3. 3、 王清全 (民93)。組織變革過程中不確定因素之探討─以中華電
  4. 中華電信公司民營化變革為例」,國立中山大學人力資源管理
  5. 15、 李元墩、蔡文淵 (民86)。台灣企業員工溝通滿足量表建構之
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李書琴(2013)。獎勵制度施行成效之檢驗-以S公司直接人員為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-45。 
  2. 廖文雀(2011)。縣市合併改制、工作壓力、組織公民行為與 工作績效相關性研究-以臺中市戶政人員為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2011。1-134。 
  3. 李杞璿(2014)。建置Android企業即時通訊系統改善企業組織的溝通關係。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2014。1-78。 
  4. 蔡承育(2015)。歐陸法下第三人利益契約制度之發展。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-188。 
  5. 江明芬(2012)。員工組織變革認知、工作滿意度、組織承諾及離職傾向之關係研究 —以個案公司為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-82。
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