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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林柏伸(2012),「網路服務在顧客關係管理應用」,碩士論文,長榮大學資訊管理學系研究所。
  2. 柯王孫鵬、許丁惠、蔡吉勝、周怡婷(2004),「應用整合性資訊架構於資訊系統之系統分析與設計」,碩士論文,建國科技大學資訊管理研究所。
  3. 張蓓琪、朱育坤(2008),「運用ARIS模式建構物流中心資訊流成-以醫療用品導入RFID為例」,碩士論文,開南大學物流與航運管理研究所。
  4. 許儷玶(2009),「整合Google Map 與Location-Based Workflow Service之平台建置與探討」,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學資訊工程研究所。
  5. 陳佳勳(2006),「以目錄服務與空間資源詮釋資料提昇空間資料基礎架構之互操作性」,碩士論文,成功大學測量及空間資訊研究所。
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