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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今(2010)。台灣社區老人的社會支持改變、健康狀況改變與社會參與之縱貫性研究。台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系,未出版博士論文,台北。
  2. 李麗晶、卓俊伶 (2008)。身體活動和老人憂鬱症。中華體育季刊,22(2),60-69。
  3. 林嘉玲、潘美玉、張媚(2006).社區老人睡眠品質之探討.臺灣醫學,10(4),438-446。
  4. 何思儀 (2007)。高齡化社會變遷下,台灣老人如何活躍老年。臺北大學社會學系,未出版碩士論文,台北。
  5. 吳柄緯 (2011)。老人人際親密、社會參與及心理健康狀況之相關研究。台北教育學院心理與諮商學系,未出版碩士論文,台北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡恆政(2002)。國際男子競技體操裁判員評分準確性之探討。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2002。1-73。
  2. 吳明翰(2013)。2011年全國跆拳道品勢錦標賽裁判大專男女組評分之研究。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2013。1-64。
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