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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Ching-Ho Chen.(2004), “Development of a dynamic strategy planning theory and system for sustainable river basin land use management” ,Science of the Total Environment 346:P17-P37 P331-P347
  2. 2. Kindler J.(1992), “Rationalizing Water Requirements with Aid of Fuzzy Allocation Model” , Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol.118, No. 3, P308-P323.
  3. 3. Kim Warren(2004), Why Has Feedback Systems Thinking Struggled to Influence Strategy and Policy Formulation? Suggestive Evidence, Explanations and Solutions, System Research and Behavioral”, Science Syst. Res21 P331-P347
  4. 4. Krystyna A. Stave(2003), “A system dynamics model to facilitate pubic understanding of water management options in Las Vegas, Nevada” ,Journal Of Environmental Management,67:P 303-P313。
  5. 5. Sloboan P. Simonovic(2002), “Assessment of Water Resources Through System Dynamics Simulation: From Global Issues to Regional Solutions” Journal Of Environmental Management,54 P210-P219.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李峰仁(2010)。曾文溪流域水資源用水特性之研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-114。 
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