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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.毛育剛(2002)。台灣農地保護政策之演變。土地問題研究季刊1(4):11至24頁
  2. 10.行政院農業委員會(2008)。農業統計要覽。臺北市:行政院農業委員會。
  3. 11.行政院農業委員會(2012)。中華民國101年農業統計年報。臺北市:行政院農業委員會。
  4. 12.吳功顯(1998)。台灣農業土地利用及移轉機制之研究。中國文化大學土地資源學系,行政院農業委員會補助專題計畫。
  5. 13.吳彩珠(2013)。農地總量管理及調控機制之研究。行政院農業委員會科技研究計畫,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 連麗真(2013)。青少年籃球運動休閒效益與運動傷害之研究-以高雄市立林園高級中學為例。屏東科技大學景觀暨遊憩管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。 
  2. 王盛雄(2010)。臺灣激流獨木舟運動參與動機與發展之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-109。
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