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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會 (2005) •台灣地區醫院以上護理人力現況•行政院衛生署委託研究計劃成果報告。
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會•本會宗旨•2008年5月15日取自:http://www./km-master/front/bin/ptlist.phtml?Category=100037
  3. 王叢桂(2002)•價值研究需面對的問題•應用心理研究,15,11-13。
  4. 行政院衛生署(2005)•醫事人員資料庫•台北:作者。
  5. 呂桂雲、邱香蘭(1998)•護生專業承諾之研究•護理研究,6 (2),109-120。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周婉暉(2013)。管理顧問師組織承諾與專業承諾對工作績效與離職意圖影響之研究-以薪酬滿意度為調節變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-104。 
  2. 黃靖(2011)。護理臨床教師對新進人員輔導效能知覺與其輔導意願相關性研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-110。 
  3. 黃嬿澐(2013)。臺灣臨床研究護理師的工作價值觀與專業承諾之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-74。 
  4. 石守正(2010)。公部門社會工作員工作壓力、專業承諾與離職意願之研究—以台北縣市政府社會局為例。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-149。
  5. 吳欣宸(2011)。護理人員專業承諾、生涯發展與離職傾向之關聯性研究-以北部某醫學中心為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-60。
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